The impact of social distancing due to COVID-19 on adults’ and older adults’ exercise
Palavras-chave:COVID-19, Exercise, Sedentary behavior, Elderly, Adults
Objective: The objective of this paper is to describe and compare the frequency, duration, and intensity of physical exercise performed by the participants, as well the types of exercise, in three different periods: 2019 (1), January and February 2020 (2), and during the social distancing period (SDP) due to the COVID-19 pandemic (3). Methods: This is a mixed-methods (retrospective/cross-sectional) study of a population of adults and older adults from a public recreation center in Porto Alegre, Brazil. The participants were invited to take a survey on Google Forms addressing the characteristics of the physical exercises performed in the periods covered in this research. The questionnaire remained available throughout October 2020. Results: The sample comprised 194 participants (63.49±14.14 years; 93.2% were women). During period 1, the most performed exercises were strength/aerobic exercises twice a week for 46 minutes to 1 hour per session at intensity 6. During period 2, walking was the most reported exercise performed three times a week for 31 to 45minutes per session at intensity 7. During period 3, strength/aerobic exercises were the most frequent, being performed three times a week for 31 to 45minutes per session at intensity 5. Conclusion: When compared to the first period, a significant decrease in in total time, intensity and duration of exercises performed by the population analyzed was observed in the other periods. Similar behavior was observed across the age ranges.
Cucinotta D, Vanelli M. WHO Declares COVID-19 a Pandemic. Acta Biomed. 2020; 91(1):157-160. https://doi.org/10.23750/abm.v91i1.9397
Porto Alegre (RS) Decreto n° 20.499, de 16 de março de 2020. Diário Oficial de Porto Alegre, Poder Executivo, Porto Alegre-RS, 16 mar 2020. Edição Extra, p.2. Available at http://dopaonlineupload.procempa.com.br/dopaonlineupload/3270_ce_20200316_executivo.pdf
Porto Alegre (RS) Decreto n° 20.551, de 24 de abril de 2020. Diário Oficial de Porto Alegre, Poder Executivo, Porto Alegre-RS, 24 de abril de 2020. Edição Extra, p.1. Available at http://dopaonlineupload.procempa.com.br/dopaonlineupload/3342_ce_20200424_executivo.pdf
Porto Alegre (RS) Decreto n° 20.564, DE 2 DE MAIO DE 2020. Diário Oficial de Porto Alegre, Poder Executivo, Porto Alegre-RS, 2 de maio de 2020. Edição Extra, p.1. Available at http://dopaonlineupload.procempa.com.br/dopaonlineupload/3356_ce_288915_2.pdf
Porto Alegre (RS) Decreto n° 20.639, DE 5 DE JULHO DE 2020. Diário Oficial de Porto Alegre, Poder Executivo, Porto Alegre-RS, 5 de julho de 2020. Available at http://dopaonlineupload.procempa.com.br/dopaonlineupload/3482_ce_293733_3.pdf
Porto Alegre (RS) Decreto n° 20.683, DE 10 DE AGOSTO DE 2020. Diário Oficial de Porto Alegre, Poder Executivo, Porto Alegre-RS, 10 de agosto de 2020. Available at http://dopaonlineupload.procempa.com.br/dopaonlineupload/3548_ce_296906_1.pdf
WHO Europe. Stay physically active during self-quarantine. Available at https://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/health-emergencies/coronavirus-covid-19/publications-and-technical-guidance/noncommunicable-diseases/stay-physically-active-during-self-quarantine. Accessed on November 11th, 2020.
Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Covid-19: como se manter saudável quando ficar em casa é a sua única opção? Disponível em: https://saudebrasil.saude.gov.br/eu-quero-me-exercitar-mais/coronavirus-como-se-manter-saudavel-quando-ficar-em-casa-e-a-sua-unica-opcao. Accessed on December 30th, 2020.
Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Como fica a prática de atividade física durante a pandemia de Coronavírus? https://saudebrasil.saude.gov.br/eu-quero-me-exercitar-mais/como-fica-a-pratica-de-atividade-fisica-durante-a-pandemia-de-coronavirus. Accessed on December 30th, 2020.
Yogaparatodxs. Yoga for all. Facebook. Posting since March 31st, 2020. Available at https://www.facebook.com/yogaparatododxs. Accessed on December 30th, 2020.
Musse, Jaqueline. GiraGirar. Youtube. Posting since March 20th, 2020. Available at https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCvAWKmJ9pefCRPSz0mZMbGg. Accessed on December 12th, 2020.
Ritter, Alexandre Luis. Youtube. Posting since April 5th, 2020. Available at https://www.youtube.com/user/AlexandreLuiRitter/featured. Accessed on December 30th, 2020.
Porto Alegre. SMDSE – DGERL. Public service. Facebook. Posting since March 25th, 2020. Available at https://www.facebook.com/DIRESP.SMDSE. Accessed on November 25tt, 2020.
Porto Alegre. Educação a Distância da Prefeitura de Porto Alegre. Available at https://educapoa.portoalegre.rs.gov.br/course/index.php?categoryid=54. Accessed on November 24th, 2020.
Porto Alegre. Projeto Gestantes. Facebook. Available at https://www.facebook.com/groups/425068845138577. Accessed on November 24th, 2020.
WHO. Physical Activity and Adults. Recommended levels of physical activity for adults aged 18 - 64 years. Available at https://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/factsheet_adults/en/. Accessed on May 18th, 2020.
WHO. Physical Activity and Older Adults. Recommended levels of physical activity for adults aged 65 and above. Available at https://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/factsheet_olderadults/en/. Accessed on May 15th, 2020.
Malta DC, Szwarcwald CL, Barros MBA, Gomes CS. Machado ÍE, et al. The COVID-19 Pandemic and changes in adult Brazilian lifestyles: a cross-sectional study, 2020. Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde, 2020; 29(4). https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1679-49742020000400026
Knight JA. Physical inactivity: associated diseases and disorders. Annals of clinical and laboratory science, 2012; 42(3):320–337. Available at https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22964623/. Accessed on November 15th, 2020.
Solon Júnior LJF, Fortes LS, Barbosa BT, Feitosa Júnior JVA, Ribeiro CHT et al. Home-based exercise during confinement in CO-VID-19 pandemic and mental health in adults: a cross-sectional comparative study. Rev Bras Ativ Fis Saúde, 2020; 25. https://doi.org/10.12820/rbafs.25e0120.
Martinez EZ, Silva FM, Morigi TZ, Zucoloto ML, Silva TL et al. Physical activity in periods of social distancing due to COVID-19: a cross-sectional survey. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, 2020; 25(Suppl.2):4157-4168. Epub September 30, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-812320202510.2.27242020
Huber BC, Steffen J, Schlichtiger J, Graupe T, Deuster E et al. Alteration of physical activity during COVID‑19 pandemic lockdown in young adults. Journal of Translational Medicine, 2020; 18(410). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12967-020-02591-7.
Marques M, Gheller R, Henrique N, Menezes EC, Streit I et al. Physical activity during the COVID-19 pandemic: a survey with adults in Northern Brazil. Rev Bras Ativ Fís Saúde, 2020; 25:e0151. https://doi.org/10.12820/rbafs.25e0151
De Mello R, Dalla Corte RR, Gioscia J, Moriguchi EH. Effects of Physical Exercise Programs on Sarcopenia Management, Dynapenia, and Physical Performance in the Elderly: A Systematic Review of Randomized Clinical Trials. Journal of aging research, 2019; Article ID1959486. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/1959486
Changes in Older People’s Activities During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic in Japan. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 2020; 21(10):1387-1388. ePub Oct 1st, 2020 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2020.07.039
Al Fagih A, Al Onazi M, Al Basiri S, Al-Kaf F, Dagriri K, et al. Remotely monitored inactivity due to COVID-19 lockdowns. Potential hazard for heart failure patients. Saudi Medical Journal, 2020; 41(11):1211–1216. https://doi.org/10.15537/smj.2020.11.25449
Copyright (c) 2022 Revista Brasileira em Promoção da Saúde
Este trabalho está licenciado sob uma licença Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Os manuscritos apresentados devem destinar-se exclusivamente à RBPS, não sendo permitida sua apresentação a outro periódico. Junto ao envio do manuscrito, autores devem encaminhar a Declaração de Responsabilidade e de Direitos Autorais assinada por todos os autores, bem como, sua contribuição individual na confecção do mesmo e deverá ser enviada no formato pdf.
O autor poderá depositar a versão final do artigo, com revisão por pares “postprint” em qualquer repositório ou website de acordo com a Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.